Yes. The provisions of House Bill 1008 make it legal to sell, buy and carry hemp-sourced CBD oil and other hemp-derived CBD products containing less than 0.3% of THC in South Dakota. CBD oil sourced from cannabis is illegal in South Dakota. Section 2 of House Bill 1008 stipulates that anyone caught carrying or distributing cannabis-derived cannabidiol products risks legal repercussions.
Governor Kristi Noem approved House Bill 1008 on March 27, 2020, legalizing the cultivation, manufacture, and distribution of industrial hemp containing less than 0.3% of THC in South Dakota. The bill requires the South Dakota Department of Agriculture & Natural Resources (DANR) to regulate the cultivation and manufacture of industrial hemp and license growers and processors. South Dakota residents can buy, sell, and carry hemp legally without licenses. Also, state employees do not require hemp licenses when performing official responsibilities that involve the processing or testing of hemp plants.
House Bill 1008 does not stipulate CBD possession limits or impose age restrictions for persons who can possess CBD products in South Dakota. However, most dispensaries in the state only sell CBD products to individuals who are 18 years and older.
Yes. The provisions of Title 34, Section 34.20G.5 of the South Dakota Codified Laws allow doctors to recommend cannabis-derived CBD oil and other cannabidiol products to patients. They do not require special certificates to recommend CBD. The qualifying medical conditions for marijuana-derived CBD oil recommendations in South Dakota include Crohn's disease, glaucoma, multiple sclerosis, severe wasting, HIV, and AIDS. Others are Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), epilepsy, seizures, and cancer.
South Dakota restricts access to CBD to individuals over the age of 18. However, it provides access to CBD to minors as long as they have medical recommendations proving they need CBD to treat debilitating medical conditions.
Per the provisions of House Bill 1008, South Dakota residents do not require licenses to sell or buy hemp-derived CBD. However, the bill requires hemp growers and processors to obtain licenses from the South Dakota Department of Agriculture & Natural Resources (DANR). According to the South Dakota Industrial Hemp Plan, applications for grower and processor licenses are made with the DANR. Applicants must submit their personal information (names, addresses, telephone numbers, and email addresses) and proposed business location (including the geospatial coordinates) to the Department. They must also provide documents confirming that the proposed facility locations are not within Indian tribe territories.
Applicants must consent to criminal background checks by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the South Dakota Division of Criminal Investigation (DCI). All key participants (sole proprietors, partners, and executive managers) and land-owners of the business's property must also comply with the criminal background check requirements. An applicant must provide a certificate of good standing from the South Dakota Secretary of State, Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN), and local government approval. In addition, they must pay their license application fees to the DANR and enclose the checks in their applications.
Applicants must complete the sections of the Industrial Hemp License Application Form that apply to their licenses of interest, attach the required documents, and mail to:
Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources
Joe Foss Building
523 E Capitol Avenue
Pierre, SD 57501
For further inquiries on hemp business license applications, interested persons can call the South Dakota Industrial Hemp Program Manager at 1 (605) 4432-773
The provisions of House Bill 1008 require the DANR to establish rules for labeling hemp-derived CBD products. However, as of October 2021, the Department has not provided the hemp product labeling rules. Generally, edible hemp products must specify the content levels of CBD in each product serving and the product batch number. Also, hemp product labels must contain statements informing users to consult with medical professionals before using the products.
In South Dakota, CBD oil and other CBD products are available in vape stores, wellness centers, dispensaries, and grocery stores. Residents can also purchase these products online.
CBD oil is the resulting product from mixing CBD extract with a carrier oil. Manufacturers need to mix this extract with a compatible oil because it occurs as a thick paste when extracted from cannabis. They usually use coconut oil or hemp seed oil as the carrier oil of choice. In addition to improving flow rate, these carrier oils also improve the shelf life of CBD extract.
CBD (cannabidiol) is an active chemical compound found in cannabis and hemp plants. Cannabis and hemp also contain another active ingredient called Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Marijuana has higher levels of THC and lower levels of CBD, while hemp is more abundant in CBD than THC. CBD is mostly sold in oil form. It is also available as vaporizers, creams, lotions, tinctures, and edibles.
The United States Farm Bill (Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018) legalized the production of industrial hemp with THC content not exceeding 0.3%. Therefore, hemp-derived cannabidiol that meets this requirement is federally legal. Similarly, CBD sourced from hemp containing less than 0.3% of THC is legal in South Dakota in compliance with the Farm Bill.
CBD has an overall calming effect especially on the nervous system. This mechanism of action is mostly responsible for its anti-seizure effect, a benefit recognized by the FDA when it approved a CBD medication for the treatment of certain epileptic seizures. Other less-studied medical uses of CBD include in managing conditions like Parkinson's disease, depression, anxiety, heart conditions, acne, dystonia, anorexia, chronic pain, Crohn's disease, and seizure.
No, CBD does not show up on cannabis drug tests. However, it is possible for a CBD user to fail such a test if they have elevated levels of THC and its metabolites in their body. While unlikely, a CBD user can accumulate detectable levels of THC metabolites if they are long-term users of full-spectrum CBD products or routinely use unregulated CBD products containing more THC than indicated on their labels.